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- CR 1 Chapter 5 Test 2 0%
Questions 1-8 are based on the following passage.
All birds have feathers, and all animals with feathers are birds. No other major group of animals is so easy to categorize. All birds have wings, too, but wings are not peculiar to birds.
Many adaptations are found in both feathers and wings. Feathers form the soft down of geese and ducks, the long decorative plumes of ostriches, and the strong flight feathers of eagles and hawks. Wings vary from the short, broad ones of chickens, which seldom fly, to the long, slim ones of albatrosses, which spend almost all their lives soaring on air currents. In penguins, wings have been modified into flippers and feathers into a waterproof covering. In kiwis, the wings are almost impossible to detect.
Yet diversity among birds is not so striking as it is among mammals. The difference between a hummingbird and a penguin is immense, but hardly as startling as that between a bat and a whale. It is variations in details rather than in fundamental patterns that have been important in the adaptation of birds to many kinds of ecosystems.
1. The word “categorize” is closest in meaning toCorrectIncorrect
2. Which of the following is closest in meaning to the phrase “peculiar to”?CorrectIncorrect
3. The word “slim” is closest in meaning toCorrectIncorrect
4. The word “detect” is closest in meaning toCorrectIncorrect
5. Which of the following is closest in meaning to the word “diversity”?CorrectIncorrect
6. The word “hardly” is closest in meaning toCorrectIncorrect
7. The word “startling” is closest in meaning toCorrectIncorrect
8. The word “fundamental” is closest in meaning toCorrectIncorrect
Questions 9-15 are based on the following passage.
Manufactured in the tranquil New England town of Concord, New Hampshire, the famous Concord Coach came to symbolize the Wild West. Its rugged body and a suspension system of leather straps could handle the hard jolts from rough roads. A journalist in 1868, describing a railroad shipment of 30 coaches bound for Wells, Fargo and Company, wrote, “They are splendidly decorated … the bodies red and the running parts yellow. Each door has a handsome picture, mostly landscapes, and no two coaches are exactly alike.”
Wells, Fargo and Company was founded in 1852 to provide mail and banking services for the gold camps of California and later won a monopoly on express services west of the Mississippi. A Wells, Fargo Concord Coach carried nine to fourteen passengers plus baggage and mail. The accommodations were by no means plush. However, the stagecoach was the swiftest method of travel through much of the Far West.
9. The word “tranquil” is closest in meaning toCorrectIncorrect
10. The word “symbolize” is closest in meaning toCorrectIncorrect
11. Which of the following could best substitute for the word “rugged”?CorrectIncorrect
12. Which of the following is closest in meaning to the word “jolts”?CorrectIncorrect
13. The phrase “bound for” is closest in meaning toCorrectIncorrect
14. The word “splendidly” in line 6 is closest in meaning toCorrectIncorrect
15. The word “plush” is closest in meaning toCorrectIncorrect